Jumat, 09 Mei 2008

Aztec God #6 - Coatlicue

Coatlicue, also called as Teteoinan ( "mother all gods") is the Aztec patroness who created stars, moon and Huitzilopochtli, she is also described as the god of the sun and battlefield. It is also called Toci, (grandmother), and Cihuacoatl, (" snake woman"), the patroness of woman who die during childbirth.

"Coatlicue" is nahuatl for "a person skirt made from snakes." It is covered by phrases "The Earth Goddess Mother who brings forth celestial beings" "patroness of fiery fire and fertility", "patroness of life, death and reborn" and "Mother of the Southern Stars" .

She is described as a woman with a skirt of coiling serpents and necklace created from the heart of men, hands and skulls. Her limbs are shown with long claws for grave digging and her large breasts are shown as suspended due to frequent nursing.

Almost each depiction of the goddess represent a deadly side, because the Earth and loving mother, is the insatiated beast that eat all living things. It is represented as a mother who devours.

According to myth, she was impregnated by magic when he was still a maiden by a feather ball that drop on her when she was cleaning a temple. She then mother of Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl. In a fit of anger, all four hundred of her children were told by Coyolxauhqui (her daughter) to behead her. The Huitzilopochtli then emerged from Coatlicue's womb into spontaneous full maturity and bring forth a epic battle, in where he killed almost of his sisters and brothers, including beheading Coyolxauhqui and lay its head in the sky as the Moon. In other variation on this myth, Huitzilopochtli is born from the feather ball incident and born in time to rescue his beloved mother from danger.

A huge sculpture called as Coatlicue Stone was found by astronomer Antonio de Leon y Gama in August 1790 after a program of urban renewal. Half year later, the team found the huge stone Aztec sun. De Leon y Gama finding was the first archaeological work on pre-Columbian Mexico.

Aztec God #5 - Cihuacoatl

Cihuacoatl ( "snake woman", so Chihucoatl, Ciucoatl) was one of the patroness for motherhood and fertility.
Cihuacoatl is related to midwives, and associated with sweatbaths as a practice medium for midwives. She and Quetzalcoatl create the human race nowadays from the bones of the previous races, and then mixed it with Quetzalcoatl blood. She gave birth to Mixcoatl, who was left behind at a crossroads. It was told that she often returns to cry for his long lost son, but what she find is only a sacrificial knife.

Even if she always described as a young woman that looked more like Xochiquetzal, it is frequently presented as a fierce skull face-old woman. Delivery by a woman is sometimes compared to a battle and women who died in labor were honored similar to fallen warriors.

Aztec God #4 - Chicomecoatl

Chicomecoatl ( "Seven Serpent", is also a name of Aztec day) is a goddess of physical nourishment especially corn and the fertility goddess.

Each September, there would be a sacrifice of decapitated maiden. her blood would be spread on the statue of Chicmecoatl and her skin would be worn by a priest. It was conceived as a feminine counterpart to Centeotl and was also called Xilonen (a "hairy", which refers to the hair on unshucked corn). She appears with as Chalchiuhtlicue. It is generally characterized by bringing ears of corn. It is presented in three different forms:

# As a young girl with flowers in her hands
# As a woman who accompany death
# As a mother with sun as a shield

Aztec God #3 - Chantico

In Mythology of Aztec, Chantico ( "she who lives in the dwelling") was the goddess of fireplace and volcanoes. She broke fasting by eating grilled fish and paprikat, and was transformed into a dog by Tonacatecuhtli. She has crown adorned with of toxic cactus barbs, and may change into a red snake.

Aztec God #2 - Chalchiuhtlicue

In Aztec mythology, Chalchiuhtlicue (also known as Chalciuhtlicue or Chalcihuitlicue) (“She skirts Jade") was the goddess of lakes and streams. It is also a patron of birth and plays a role in baptisms of Aztec community. In the five suns myth, she rule the Fourth World, which was obliterated in a big flood. Her spouse was Tlaloc and with it, she gave birth to Tecciztecatl. In its aquatic aspect, it was called Acuecucyoticihuati, goddess of the sea, streams and other water and the patroness of women in the workforce. She also was said to the spouse of Xiuhtecuhtli. It is sometimes associated with a goddess of rain, Matlalcueitl.

Chalciuhtlicue was shown wearing a green short skirt and with black streaks on the her face. In some scenes infants be seen in a jet of water that is come out from her skirts. Sometimes it is symbolized by a stream with a pear tree on a riverside.

Aztec God #1 - CENTEOTL

CENTEOTL is the Corn god. He is the Son of Tlazolteotl and husband of Xochiquetzal.