Jumat, 09 Mei 2008

Aztec God #6 - Coatlicue

Coatlicue, also called as Teteoinan ( "mother all gods") is the Aztec patroness who created stars, moon and Huitzilopochtli, she is also described as the god of the sun and battlefield. It is also called Toci, (grandmother), and Cihuacoatl, (" snake woman"), the patroness of woman who die during childbirth.

"Coatlicue" is nahuatl for "a person skirt made from snakes." It is covered by phrases "The Earth Goddess Mother who brings forth celestial beings" "patroness of fiery fire and fertility", "patroness of life, death and reborn" and "Mother of the Southern Stars" .

She is described as a woman with a skirt of coiling serpents and necklace created from the heart of men, hands and skulls. Her limbs are shown with long claws for grave digging and her large breasts are shown as suspended due to frequent nursing.

Almost each depiction of the goddess represent a deadly side, because the Earth and loving mother, is the insatiated beast that eat all living things. It is represented as a mother who devours.

According to myth, she was impregnated by magic when he was still a maiden by a feather ball that drop on her when she was cleaning a temple. She then mother of Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl. In a fit of anger, all four hundred of her children were told by Coyolxauhqui (her daughter) to behead her. The Huitzilopochtli then emerged from Coatlicue's womb into spontaneous full maturity and bring forth a epic battle, in where he killed almost of his sisters and brothers, including beheading Coyolxauhqui and lay its head in the sky as the Moon. In other variation on this myth, Huitzilopochtli is born from the feather ball incident and born in time to rescue his beloved mother from danger.

A huge sculpture called as Coatlicue Stone was found by astronomer Antonio de Leon y Gama in August 1790 after a program of urban renewal. Half year later, the team found the huge stone Aztec sun. De Leon y Gama finding was the first archaeological work on pre-Columbian Mexico.

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